npj Summary: Nurture might be nature
npj Science of Learning authors Sara Hart, Callie Little & Elsje van Bergen review methods that disentangle genotype effects from parenting environment studies⎮1 min read
How a child is raised by their parents and the experiences they are exposed to effects that individual's lived experience. After reading an article suggesting a childs literacy skills were linked to a home filled with books, researchers Sara Hart, Callie Little and Elsje van Bergen decided to investigate this interesting observation further.
The genetic code of every human being is different and genes play an important role in the development of personality, cognitive ability, personal behaviour and physical health. As a result, the way individuals respond to stimuli in their surrounding environment are always varied. Gene-environment correlations are represented by the associated effects inherited genotype might have on: everyday interactions, likeability, or how an individual chooses to live, for example, choosing to experience risky environments.
In this interesting perspective article published by npj Science of Learning, Nurture might be nature: cautionary tales and proposed solutions, the authors review design approaches that disentangle the interplay of genotype from the research when examining the causal effects of the parenting environment.